Reform Watch May 2012 Round Up…Did you REALLY expect changes?

Yes it’s an election period. And yes, you are tuned to Greece. Who in their right mind would expect a “caretaker administration/service government” to change anything?  Especially anything that involved benefits levels or public sector staffing?

Just testing…We certainly didn’t.  Nonetheless the country kept operating at deficit levels, meaning public sector salaries and pensions were supported by Troika bailout funds, as usual.  Did Greece really move any closer to financial independence over this period? Were those bailout funds well spent or just scattered randomly for public consumption and to sustain businesses/public services that seriously need to restructure?

Below is a brief listing of how certain ongoing structural reforms were “processed” in Greece over the last month. It is basically a “low-performance report.” We are certainly glad we don’t have to compile a detailed matrix of accomplishments for Troika officials prior to disbursing the next cash injection (shape not yet decided) which Greece will so desperately need next month. There is precious little to work with, even for the strongest supporters of Greece in this difficult time. And let’s not forget that the former Papademos government basically sprinted to pass key pieces of reform legislation by mid-April (mostly unimplemented) so the first round of elections could be held in May.

None of this absolves Greece in any way of its requirement to produce a large list of budget cuts for 2013-2014 for Troika approval and vote on dozens of other reform measures by the end of June.  No wonder Greeks prefer politics!

Privatization:  While work on preparing assets already held at the Hellenic Republic Assets Development Fund (TAIDEP in Greek) goes on, policy decisions and transfers of new state assets to the Fund are frozen by edict until the June 17 elections. Socialist parties are doing all they can to stop work at the TAIDEP and some even talk of reversing it.  The status of a number of government assets transferred to the TAIDEP in early May before elections is reportedly under review.

Health Sector:  The new system of electronic prescription management, designed to reduce costs by limiting drug purchases, was partially offline in May for technical reasons.

Tax Issues/Revenue Collections:   Revenue collections have fared poorly this year due to the recession and the extended election period.  Some news reports note a 20-30% decline compared to last year and certain news outlets and high-level government sources  characterized the situation as “desperate” during various political meetings and coalition-formation discussions throughout May. Reforms in the barely functioning tax collection mechanism, especially those designed to fight tax evasion, are not underway now, but major changes required by the Troika should begin in July.

Labor Market:  As of May 14, all “old” collective labor contracts automatically expired. Those contracts could be replaced by so-called individual agreements and could include some wage reductions. This important labor market reform stipulates that a collective contract had to have been signed/reauthorized in the previous three months to be considered valid after May 14.

Public Sector Personnel System:  Just days before the May 6 elections, word was released that the ambitious personnel reviews and job audits planned for the public sector would be delayed due to the elections. Nothing since then, but of course, public sector (BFGPS) paychecks keep coming.

European Community Monitoring Office:  Shortly before the May 6 elections, a site for the Mission’s Headquarters in Gazi was announced.  Public Sector employees already in that building protested immediately.  Since then, not a word.

Bank recapitalization: This is not a structural reform, but since it is linked to the overall PSI package which supports reform, it merits mentioning.  The bulk of the EFSF funds sent to Greece for this purpose in April were disbursed to four participating banks via the Hellenic Financial Stabilization Fund (HFSF) in mid-to-late May, with substantial action (Euros 18 billion) disbursed in the last few days of the month.

 

Scale of reform task facing Greece is monumental

See article below for a good summary (The Irish Times) of what Greece committed to do, under former-PM Papademos, by June 2012 as it received the first “new” bailout tranche under the so-called “Second Memorandum.”  This is not fiction, and that money, disbursed in March, has been spent. The date for the Troika’s next return/review is not yet clear.

http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/world/2012/0518/1224316280691.html

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